The first school opened its doors in the city of Sibiu already in 1380, representing certainly a milestone for the history of urban education on Cibin. But the beginnings of the higher Sibiu education were marked by the initiation in 1786 of the Preparatory Course of Teachers in Sibiu – one of the first pedagogical institutions in Transylvania. In 1850, the Preparatory Course in Sibiu changed its profile, becoming a Superior Theological and Pedagogical Institute, which initially offered two-year courses and, since 1861, three-year courses; at the same time a pedagogical section with a four-year study program was set up. At the same time, the training course for future priests from the Romanian Orthodox Diocese of Transylvania was organized, marking the beginning of the theological education in Sibiu.

So the roots that allowed the definition and development of a modern, dynamic and anchored university in the Sibiu community can be found in the Middle Ages, but the most representative moments are given by the 19th century appearance of the Saxon Academy of Law (1844 ) and Andreian Theological Seminary (1874). Higher education in the city of Sibiu being closely linked to the history of the theological and legal institutions from the 18th to the 19th centuries, but the real brick from which the building of the Sibiu University was built was put in the retreat period of the King Ferdinand I University of Cluj in Sibiu (1940-1945). Following the Vienna Dictate in August 1940, the King Ferdinand I University was evacuated in a short time and the decision to move to Sibiu was taken at the University Council meeting on September 1, 1940.

The main building used was the Domniţa Ileana girls high school located on Victoriei Blvd. no.5-7 (built between 1937-1940), currently the Faculty of Letters and Arts and the Department of History, Patrimony and Protestant Theology.

During the 1940-1945 retreat there was the same structure on faculties, chairs, institutes, under the coordination of the eminent historian Silviu Dragomir, elected president of the University. Next to it are the names of the illustrious people of culture such as Lucian Blaga (the patron of the Sibiu University since 1995), Ioan Lupas, Constantin Daicoviciu, Emil Racoviţă, Emil Haţieganu, Onisifor Ghibu, who held conferences, constituted literary cenacles and have allowed the cultural and social development of Sibiu.

Sibiu won a university and a desire to maintain a university life during the crossroads of Romania’s history in the early 1940s and after the return of King Ferdinand I University in Cluj from 1945. This desideratum had to wait more than 20 years, being completed in 1969 when the Faculty of Philology and History of Sibiu took place as a department of the University of Cluj-Napoca, then joined specializations such as Law or Mechanics and becoming a Higher Institute of Independent Education (1976-1985).

In 1940-1945 the Orthodox Theological Institute, which became the Andrei Şaguna Faculty of Theology, continued to function, completing the range of university specializations existing in Sibiu in the middle of the last century.